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// Copyright 2015 The Rust Project Developers. See the COPYRIGHT
// file at the top-level directory of this distribution and at
// http://rust-lang.org/COPYRIGHT.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 <LICENSE-APACHE or
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0> or the MIT license
// <LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>, at your
// option. This file may not be copied, modified, or distributed
// except according to those terms.

use fmt;
use hash;
use io;
use mem;
use net::{lookup_host, ntoh, hton, IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};
use option;
use sys::net::netc as c;
use sys_common::{FromInner, AsInner, IntoInner};
use vec;
use iter;
use slice;

/// Representation of a socket address for networking applications.
///
/// A socket address can either represent the IPv4 or IPv6 protocol and is
/// paired with at least a port number as well. Each protocol may have more
/// specific information about the address available to it as well.
#[derive(Copy, Clone, PartialEq, Eq, Hash, Debug)]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub enum SocketAddr {
    /// An IPv4 socket address which is a (ip, port) combination.
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    V4(#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")] SocketAddrV4),
    /// An IPv6 socket address.
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    V6(#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")] SocketAddrV6),
}

/// An IPv4 socket address which is a (ip, port) combination.
#[derive(Copy)]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub struct SocketAddrV4 { inner: c::sockaddr_in }

/// An IPv6 socket address.
#[derive(Copy)]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub struct SocketAddrV6 { inner: c::sockaddr_in6 }

impl SocketAddr {
    /// Creates a new socket address from the (ip, port) pair.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)));
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 8080);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "ip_addr", since = "1.7.0")]
    pub fn new(ip: IpAddr, port: u16) -> SocketAddr {
        match ip {
            IpAddr::V4(a) => SocketAddr::V4(SocketAddrV4::new(a, port)),
            IpAddr::V6(a) => SocketAddr::V6(SocketAddrV6::new(a, port, 0, 0)),
        }
    }

    /// Returns the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "ip_addr", since = "1.7.0")]
    pub fn ip(&self) -> IpAddr {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(ref a) => IpAddr::V4(*a.ip()),
            SocketAddr::V6(ref a) => IpAddr::V6(*a.ip()),
        }
    }

    /// Change the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    /// socket.set_ip(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 0, 1)));
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 0, 1)));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_ip(&mut self, new_ip: IpAddr) {
        // `match (*self, new_ip)` would have us mutate a copy of self only to throw it away.
        match (self, new_ip) {
            (&mut SocketAddr::V4(ref mut a), IpAddr::V4(new_ip)) => a.set_ip(new_ip),
            (&mut SocketAddr::V6(ref mut a), IpAddr::V6(new_ip)) => a.set_ip(new_ip),
            (self_, new_ip) => *self_ = Self::new(new_ip, self_.port()),
        }
    }

    /// Returns the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 8080);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn port(&self) -> u16 {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(ref a) => a.port(),
            SocketAddr::V6(ref a) => a.port(),
        }
    }

    /// Change the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    /// socket.set_port(1025);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 1025);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_port(&mut self, new_port: u16) {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(ref mut a) => a.set_port(new_port),
            SocketAddr::V6(ref mut a) => a.set_port(new_port),
        }
    }

    /// Returns true if the IP in this `SocketAddr` is a valid IPv4 address,
    /// false if it's a valid IPv6 address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// #![feature(sockaddr_checker)]
    ///
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// fn main() {
    ///     let socket = SocketAddr::new(IpAddr::V4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)), 8080);
    ///     assert_eq!(socket.is_ipv4(), true);
    ///     assert_eq!(socket.is_ipv6(), false);
    /// }
    /// ```
    #[unstable(feature = "sockaddr_checker", issue = "36949")]
    pub fn is_ipv4(&self) -> bool {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(_) => true,
            SocketAddr::V6(_) => false,
        }
    }

    /// Returns true if the IP in this `SocketAddr` is a valid IPv6 address,
    /// false if it's a valid IPv4 address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// #![feature(sockaddr_checker)]
    ///
    /// use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv6Addr, SocketAddr};
    ///
    /// fn main() {
    ///     let socket = SocketAddr::new(
    ///                      IpAddr::V6(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 65535, 0, 1)), 8080);
    ///     assert_eq!(socket.is_ipv4(), false);
    ///     assert_eq!(socket.is_ipv6(), true);
    /// }
    /// ```
    #[unstable(feature = "sockaddr_checker", issue = "36949")]
    pub fn is_ipv6(&self) -> bool {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(_) => false,
            SocketAddr::V6(_) => true,
        }
    }
}

impl SocketAddrV4 {
    /// Creates a new socket address from the (ip, port) pair.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 8080);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn new(ip: Ipv4Addr, port: u16) -> SocketAddrV4 {
        SocketAddrV4 {
            inner: c::sockaddr_in {
                sin_family: c::AF_INET as c::sa_family_t,
                sin_port: hton(port),
                sin_addr: *ip.as_inner(),
                .. unsafe { mem::zeroed() }
            },
        }
    }

    /// Returns the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 8080);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), &Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn ip(&self) -> &Ipv4Addr {
        unsafe {
            &*(&self.inner.sin_addr as *const c::in_addr as *const Ipv4Addr)
        }
    }

    /// Change the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 8080);
    /// socket.set_ip(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 1));
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), &Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 1));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_ip(&mut self, new_ip: Ipv4Addr) {
        self.inner.sin_addr = *new_ip.as_inner()
    }

    /// Returns the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 8080);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 8080);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn port(&self) -> u16 {
        ntoh(self.inner.sin_port)
    }

    /// Change the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 8080);
    /// socket.set_port(4242);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 4242);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_port(&mut self, new_port: u16) {
        self.inner.sin_port = hton(new_port);
    }
}

impl SocketAddrV6 {
    /// Creates a new socket address from the ip/port/flowinfo/scope_id
    /// components.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 0);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn new(ip: Ipv6Addr, port: u16, flowinfo: u32, scope_id: u32)
               -> SocketAddrV6 {
        SocketAddrV6 {
            inner: c::sockaddr_in6 {
                sin6_family: c::AF_INET6 as c::sa_family_t,
                sin6_port: hton(port),
                sin6_addr: *ip.as_inner(),
                sin6_flowinfo: flowinfo,
                sin6_scope_id: scope_id,
                .. unsafe { mem::zeroed() }
            },
        }
    }

    /// Returns the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 0);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), &Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn ip(&self) -> &Ipv6Addr {
        unsafe {
            &*(&self.inner.sin6_addr as *const c::in6_addr as *const Ipv6Addr)
        }
    }

    /// Change the IP address associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 0);
    /// socket.set_ip(Ipv6Addr::new(76, 45, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0));
    /// assert_eq!(socket.ip(), &Ipv6Addr::new(76, 45, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0));
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_ip(&mut self, new_ip: Ipv6Addr) {
        self.inner.sin6_addr = *new_ip.as_inner()
    }

    /// Returns the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 0);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 8080);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn port(&self) -> u16 {
        ntoh(self.inner.sin6_port)
    }

    /// Change the port number associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 0);
    /// socket.set_port(4242);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.port(), 4242);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_port(&mut self, new_port: u16) {
        self.inner.sin6_port = hton(new_port);
    }

    /// Returns the flow information associated with this address,
    /// corresponding to the `sin6_flowinfo` field in C.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 10, 0);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.flowinfo(), 10);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn flowinfo(&self) -> u32 {
        self.inner.sin6_flowinfo
    }

    /// Change the flow information associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 10, 0);
    /// socket.set_flowinfo(56);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.flowinfo(), 56);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_flowinfo(&mut self, new_flowinfo: u32) {
        self.inner.sin6_flowinfo = new_flowinfo;
    }

    /// Returns the scope ID associated with this address,
    /// corresponding to the `sin6_scope_id` field in C.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 78);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.scope_id(), 78);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn scope_id(&self) -> u32 {
        self.inner.sin6_scope_id
    }

    /// Change the scope ID associated with this socket address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::net::{SocketAddrV6, Ipv6Addr};
    ///
    /// let mut socket = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), 8080, 0, 78);
    /// socket.set_scope_id(42);
    /// assert_eq!(socket.scope_id(), 42);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "sockaddr_setters", since = "1.9.0")]
    pub fn set_scope_id(&mut self, new_scope_id: u32) {
        self.inner.sin6_scope_id = new_scope_id;
    }
}

impl FromInner<c::sockaddr_in> for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn from_inner(addr: c::sockaddr_in) -> SocketAddrV4 {
        SocketAddrV4 { inner: addr }
    }
}

impl FromInner<c::sockaddr_in6> for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn from_inner(addr: c::sockaddr_in6) -> SocketAddrV6 {
        SocketAddrV6 { inner: addr }
    }
}

impl<'a> IntoInner<(*const c::sockaddr, c::socklen_t)> for &'a SocketAddr {
    fn into_inner(self) -> (*const c::sockaddr, c::socklen_t) {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(ref a) => {
                (a as *const _ as *const _, mem::size_of_val(a) as c::socklen_t)
            }
            SocketAddr::V6(ref a) => {
                (a as *const _ as *const _, mem::size_of_val(a) as c::socklen_t)
            }
        }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl fmt::Display for SocketAddr {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        match *self {
            SocketAddr::V4(ref a) => a.fmt(f),
            SocketAddr::V6(ref a) => a.fmt(f),
        }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl fmt::Display for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "{}:{}", self.ip(), self.port())
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl fmt::Debug for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        fmt::Display::fmt(self, fmt)
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl fmt::Display for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "[{}]:{}", self.ip(), self.port())
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl fmt::Debug for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        fmt::Display::fmt(self, fmt)
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Clone for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn clone(&self) -> SocketAddrV4 { *self }
}
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Clone for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn clone(&self) -> SocketAddrV6 { *self }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl PartialEq for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn eq(&self, other: &SocketAddrV4) -> bool {
        self.inner.sin_port == other.inner.sin_port &&
            self.inner.sin_addr.s_addr == other.inner.sin_addr.s_addr
    }
}
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl PartialEq for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn eq(&self, other: &SocketAddrV6) -> bool {
        self.inner.sin6_port == other.inner.sin6_port &&
            self.inner.sin6_addr.s6_addr == other.inner.sin6_addr.s6_addr &&
            self.inner.sin6_flowinfo == other.inner.sin6_flowinfo &&
            self.inner.sin6_scope_id == other.inner.sin6_scope_id
    }
}
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Eq for SocketAddrV4 {}
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl Eq for SocketAddrV6 {}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl hash::Hash for SocketAddrV4 {
    fn hash<H: hash::Hasher>(&self, s: &mut H) {
        (self.inner.sin_port, self.inner.sin_addr.s_addr).hash(s)
    }
}
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl hash::Hash for SocketAddrV6 {
    fn hash<H: hash::Hasher>(&self, s: &mut H) {
        (self.inner.sin6_port, &self.inner.sin6_addr.s6_addr,
         self.inner.sin6_flowinfo, self.inner.sin6_scope_id).hash(s)
    }
}

/// A trait for objects which can be converted or resolved to one or more
/// `SocketAddr` values.
///
/// This trait is used for generic address resolution when constructing network
/// objects.  By default it is implemented for the following types:
///
///  * `SocketAddr`, `SocketAddrV4`, `SocketAddrV6` - `to_socket_addrs` is
///    identity function.
///
///  * `(IpvNAddr, u16)` - `to_socket_addrs` constructs `SocketAddr` trivially.
///
///  * `(&str, u16)` - the string should be either a string representation of an
///    IP address expected by `FromStr` implementation for `IpvNAddr` or a host
///    name.
///
///  * `&str` - the string should be either a string representation of a
///    `SocketAddr` as expected by its `FromStr` implementation or a string like
///    `<host_name>:<port>` pair where `<port>` is a `u16` value.
///
/// This trait allows constructing network objects like `TcpStream` or
/// `UdpSocket` easily with values of various types for the bind/connection
/// address. It is needed because sometimes one type is more appropriate than
/// the other: for simple uses a string like `"localhost:12345"` is much nicer
/// than manual construction of the corresponding `SocketAddr`, but sometimes
/// `SocketAddr` value is *the* main source of the address, and converting it to
/// some other type (e.g. a string) just for it to be converted back to
/// `SocketAddr` in constructor methods is pointless.
///
/// Addresses returned by the operating system that are not IP addresses are
/// silently ignored.
///
/// Some examples:
///
/// ```no_run
/// use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, TcpStream, UdpSocket, TcpListener, Ipv4Addr};
///
/// fn main() {
///     let ip = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
///     let port = 12345;
///
///     // The following lines are equivalent modulo possible "localhost" name
///     // resolution differences
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect(SocketAddrV4::new(ip, port));
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect((ip, port));
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect(("127.0.0.1", port));
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect(("localhost", port));
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect("127.0.0.1:12345");
///     let tcp_s = TcpStream::connect("localhost:12345");
///
///     // TcpListener::bind(), UdpSocket::bind() and UdpSocket::send_to()
///     // behave similarly
///     let tcp_l = TcpListener::bind("localhost:12345");
///
///     let mut udp_s = UdpSocket::bind(("127.0.0.1", port)).unwrap();
///     udp_s.send_to(&[7], (ip, 23451)).unwrap();
/// }
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub trait ToSocketAddrs {
    /// Returned iterator over socket addresses which this type may correspond
    /// to.
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    type Iter: Iterator<Item=SocketAddr>;

    /// Converts this object to an iterator of resolved `SocketAddr`s.
    ///
    /// The returned iterator may not actually yield any values depending on the
    /// outcome of any resolution performed.
    ///
    /// Note that this function may block the current thread while resolution is
    /// performed.
    ///
    /// # Errors
    ///
    /// Any errors encountered during resolution will be returned as an `Err`.
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<Self::Iter>;
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for SocketAddr {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        Ok(Some(*self).into_iter())
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for SocketAddrV4 {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        SocketAddr::V4(*self).to_socket_addrs()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for SocketAddrV6 {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        SocketAddr::V6(*self).to_socket_addrs()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for (IpAddr, u16) {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        let (ip, port) = *self;
        match ip {
            IpAddr::V4(ref a) => (*a, port).to_socket_addrs(),
            IpAddr::V6(ref a) => (*a, port).to_socket_addrs(),
        }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for (Ipv4Addr, u16) {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        let (ip, port) = *self;
        SocketAddrV4::new(ip, port).to_socket_addrs()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for (Ipv6Addr, u16) {
    type Iter = option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<option::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        let (ip, port) = *self;
        SocketAddrV6::new(ip, port, 0, 0).to_socket_addrs()
    }
}

fn resolve_socket_addr(s: &str, p: u16) -> io::Result<vec::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
    let ips = lookup_host(s)?;
    let v: Vec<_> = ips.map(|mut a| { a.set_port(p); a }).collect();
    Ok(v.into_iter())
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl<'a> ToSocketAddrs for (&'a str, u16) {
    type Iter = vec::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<vec::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        let (host, port) = *self;

        // try to parse the host as a regular IP address first
        if let Ok(addr) = host.parse::<Ipv4Addr>() {
            let addr = SocketAddrV4::new(addr, port);
            return Ok(vec![SocketAddr::V4(addr)].into_iter())
        }
        if let Ok(addr) = host.parse::<Ipv6Addr>() {
            let addr = SocketAddrV6::new(addr, port, 0, 0);
            return Ok(vec![SocketAddr::V6(addr)].into_iter())
        }

        resolve_socket_addr(host, port)
    }
}

// accepts strings like 'localhost:12345'
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl ToSocketAddrs for str {
    type Iter = vec::IntoIter<SocketAddr>;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<vec::IntoIter<SocketAddr>> {
        // try to parse as a regular SocketAddr first
        if let Some(addr) = self.parse().ok() {
            return Ok(vec![addr].into_iter());
        }

        macro_rules! try_opt {
            ($e:expr, $msg:expr) => (
                match $e {
                    Some(r) => r,
                    None => return Err(io::Error::new(io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput,
                                                      $msg)),
                }
            )
        }

        // split the string by ':' and convert the second part to u16
        let mut parts_iter = self.rsplitn(2, ':');
        let port_str = try_opt!(parts_iter.next(), "invalid socket address");
        let host = try_opt!(parts_iter.next(), "invalid socket address");
        let port: u16 = try_opt!(port_str.parse().ok(), "invalid port value");
        resolve_socket_addr(host, port)
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "slice_to_socket_addrs", since = "1.8.0")]
impl<'a> ToSocketAddrs for &'a [SocketAddr] {
    type Iter = iter::Cloned<slice::Iter<'a, SocketAddr>>;

    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<Self::Iter> {
        Ok(self.iter().cloned())
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl<'a, T: ToSocketAddrs + ?Sized> ToSocketAddrs for &'a T {
    type Iter = T::Iter;
    fn to_socket_addrs(&self) -> io::Result<T::Iter> {
        (**self).to_socket_addrs()
    }
}

#[cfg(all(test, not(target_os = "emscripten")))]
mod tests {
    use net::*;
    use net::test::{tsa, sa6, sa4};

    #[test]
    fn to_socket_addr_ipaddr_u16() {
        let a = Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, 11);
        let p = 12345;
        let e = SocketAddr::V4(SocketAddrV4::new(a, p));
        assert_eq!(Ok(vec![e]), tsa((a, p)));
    }

    #[test]
    fn to_socket_addr_str_u16() {
        let a = sa4(Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, 11), 24352);
        assert_eq!(Ok(vec![a]), tsa(("77.88.21.11", 24352)));

        let a = sa6(Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 53);
        assert_eq!(Ok(vec![a]), tsa(("2a02:6b8:0:1::1", 53)));

        let a = sa4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 23924);
        assert!(tsa(("localhost", 23924)).unwrap().contains(&a));
    }

    #[test]
    fn to_socket_addr_str() {
        let a = sa4(Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, 11), 24352);
        assert_eq!(Ok(vec![a]), tsa("77.88.21.11:24352"));

        let a = sa6(Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 53);
        assert_eq!(Ok(vec![a]), tsa("[2a02:6b8:0:1::1]:53"));

        let a = sa4(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1), 23924);
        assert!(tsa("localhost:23924").unwrap().contains(&a));
    }

    // FIXME: figure out why this fails on openbsd and bitrig and fix it
    #[test]
    #[cfg(not(any(windows, target_os = "openbsd", target_os = "bitrig")))]
    fn to_socket_addr_str_bad() {
        assert!(tsa("1200::AB00:1234::2552:7777:1313:34300").is_err());
    }

    #[test]
    fn set_ip() {
        fn ip4(low: u8) -> Ipv4Addr { Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, low) }
        fn ip6(low: u16) -> Ipv6Addr { Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, low) }

        let mut v4 = SocketAddrV4::new(ip4(11), 80);
        assert_eq!(v4.ip(), &ip4(11));
        v4.set_ip(ip4(12));
        assert_eq!(v4.ip(), &ip4(12));

        let mut addr = SocketAddr::V4(v4);
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V4(ip4(12)));
        addr.set_ip(IpAddr::V4(ip4(13)));
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V4(ip4(13)));
        addr.set_ip(IpAddr::V6(ip6(14)));
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V6(ip6(14)));

        let mut v6 = SocketAddrV6::new(ip6(1), 80, 0, 0);
        assert_eq!(v6.ip(), &ip6(1));
        v6.set_ip(ip6(2));
        assert_eq!(v6.ip(), &ip6(2));

        let mut addr = SocketAddr::V6(v6);
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V6(ip6(2)));
        addr.set_ip(IpAddr::V6(ip6(3)));
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V6(ip6(3)));
        addr.set_ip(IpAddr::V4(ip4(4)));
        assert_eq!(addr.ip(), IpAddr::V4(ip4(4)));
    }

    #[test]
    fn set_port() {
        let mut v4 = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, 11), 80);
        assert_eq!(v4.port(), 80);
        v4.set_port(443);
        assert_eq!(v4.port(), 443);

        let mut addr = SocketAddr::V4(v4);
        assert_eq!(addr.port(), 443);
        addr.set_port(8080);
        assert_eq!(addr.port(), 8080);

        let mut v6 = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 80, 0, 0);
        assert_eq!(v6.port(), 80);
        v6.set_port(443);
        assert_eq!(v6.port(), 443);

        let mut addr = SocketAddr::V6(v6);
        assert_eq!(addr.port(), 443);
        addr.set_port(8080);
        assert_eq!(addr.port(), 8080);
    }

    #[test]
    fn set_flowinfo() {
        let mut v6 = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 80, 10, 0);
        assert_eq!(v6.flowinfo(), 10);
        v6.set_flowinfo(20);
        assert_eq!(v6.flowinfo(), 20);
    }

    #[test]
    fn set_scope_id() {
        let mut v6 = SocketAddrV6::new(Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 80, 0, 10);
        assert_eq!(v6.scope_id(), 10);
        v6.set_scope_id(20);
        assert_eq!(v6.scope_id(), 20);
    }

    #[test]
    fn is_v4() {
        let v4 = SocketAddr::V4(SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::new(77, 88, 21, 11), 80));
        assert!(v4.is_ipv4());
        assert!(!v4.is_ipv6());
    }

    #[test]
    fn is_v6() {
        let v6 = SocketAddr::V6(SocketAddrV6::new(
                Ipv6Addr::new(0x2a02, 0x6b8, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1), 80, 10, 0));
        assert!(!v6.is_ipv4());
        assert!(v6.is_ipv6());
    }
}