Struct std::collections::vec_deque::VecDeque1.0.0 [] [src]

pub struct VecDeque<T> { /* fields omitted */ }

VecDeque is a growable ring buffer, which can be used as a double-ended queue efficiently.

The "default" usage of this type as a queue is to use push_back to add to the queue, and pop_front to remove from the queue. extend and append push onto the back in this manner, and iterating over VecDeque goes front to back.

Methods

impl<T> VecDeque<T>
[src]

Creates an empty VecDeque.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let vector: VecDeque<u32> = VecDeque::new();Run

Creates an empty VecDeque with space for at least n elements.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let vector: VecDeque<u32> = VecDeque::with_capacity(10);Run

Retrieves an element in the VecDeque by index.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(3);
buf.push_back(4);
buf.push_back(5);
assert_eq!(buf.get(1), Some(&4));Run

Retrieves an element in the VecDeque mutably by index.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(3);
buf.push_back(4);
buf.push_back(5);
if let Some(elem) = buf.get_mut(1) {
    *elem = 7;
}

assert_eq!(buf[1], 7);Run

Swaps elements at indices i and j.

i and j may be equal.

Fails if there is no element with either index.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(3);
buf.push_back(4);
buf.push_back(5);
buf.swap(0, 2);
assert_eq!(buf[0], 5);
assert_eq!(buf[2], 3);Run

Returns the number of elements the VecDeque can hold without reallocating.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let buf: VecDeque<i32> = VecDeque::with_capacity(10);
assert!(buf.capacity() >= 10);Run

Reserves the minimum capacity for exactly additional more elements to be inserted in the given VecDeque. Does nothing if the capacity is already sufficient.

Note that the allocator may give the collection more space than it requests. Therefore capacity can not be relied upon to be precisely minimal. Prefer reserve if future insertions are expected.

Panics

Panics if the new capacity overflows usize.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf: VecDeque<i32> = vec![1].into_iter().collect();
buf.reserve_exact(10);
assert!(buf.capacity() >= 11);Run

Reserves capacity for at least additional more elements to be inserted in the given VecDeque. The collection may reserve more space to avoid frequent reallocations.

Panics

Panics if the new capacity overflows usize.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf: VecDeque<i32> = vec![1].into_iter().collect();
buf.reserve(10);
assert!(buf.capacity() >= 11);Run

Shrinks the capacity of the VecDeque as much as possible.

It will drop down as close as possible to the length but the allocator may still inform the VecDeque that there is space for a few more elements.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::with_capacity(15);
buf.extend(0..4);
assert_eq!(buf.capacity(), 15);
buf.shrink_to_fit();
assert!(buf.capacity() >= 4);Run

Unstable (deque_extras #27788)

: matches collection reform specification; waiting on panic semantics

Shortens a VecDeque, dropping excess elements from the back.

If len is greater than the VecDeque's current length, this has no effect.

Examples

#![feature(deque_extras)]

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(5);
buf.push_back(10);
buf.push_back(15);
buf.truncate(1);
assert_eq!(buf.len(), 1);
assert_eq!(Some(&5), buf.get(0));Run

Returns a front-to-back iterator.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(5);
buf.push_back(3);
buf.push_back(4);
let b: &[_] = &[&5, &3, &4];
let c: Vec<&i32> = buf.iter().collect();
assert_eq!(&c[..], b);Run

Returns a front-to-back iterator that returns mutable references.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(5);
buf.push_back(3);
buf.push_back(4);
for num in buf.iter_mut() {
    *num = *num - 2;
}
let b: &[_] = &[&mut 3, &mut 1, &mut 2];
assert_eq!(&buf.iter_mut().collect::<Vec<&mut i32>>()[..], b);Run

Returns a pair of slices which contain, in order, the contents of the VecDeque.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut vector = VecDeque::new();

vector.push_back(0);
vector.push_back(1);
vector.push_back(2);

assert_eq!(vector.as_slices(), (&[0, 1, 2][..], &[][..]));

vector.push_front(10);
vector.push_front(9);

assert_eq!(vector.as_slices(), (&[9, 10][..], &[0, 1, 2][..]));Run

Returns a pair of slices which contain, in order, the contents of the VecDeque.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut vector = VecDeque::new();

vector.push_back(0);
vector.push_back(1);

vector.push_front(10);
vector.push_front(9);

vector.as_mut_slices().0[0] = 42;
vector.as_mut_slices().1[0] = 24;
assert_eq!(vector.as_slices(), (&[42, 10][..], &[24, 1][..]));Run

Returns the number of elements in the VecDeque.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut v = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(v.len(), 0);
v.push_back(1);
assert_eq!(v.len(), 1);Run

Returns true if the buffer contains no elements

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut v = VecDeque::new();
assert!(v.is_empty());
v.push_front(1);
assert!(!v.is_empty());Run

Create a draining iterator that removes the specified range in the VecDeque and yields the removed items.

Note 1: The element range is removed even if the iterator is not consumed until the end.

Note 2: It is unspecified how many elements are removed from the deque, if the Drain value is not dropped, but the borrow it holds expires (eg. due to mem::forget).

Panics

Panics if the starting point is greater than the end point or if the end point is greater than the length of the vector.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut v: VecDeque<_> = vec![1, 2, 3].into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(vec![3].into_iter().collect::<VecDeque<_>>(), v.drain(2..).collect());
assert_eq!(vec![1, 2].into_iter().collect::<VecDeque<_>>(), v);

// A full range clears all contents
v.drain(..);
assert!(v.is_empty());Run

Clears the buffer, removing all values.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut v = VecDeque::new();
v.push_back(1);
v.clear();
assert!(v.is_empty());Run

Returns true if the VecDeque contains an element equal to the given value.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut vector: VecDeque<u32> = VecDeque::new();

vector.push_back(0);
vector.push_back(1);

assert_eq!(vector.contains(&1), true);
assert_eq!(vector.contains(&10), false);Run

Provides a reference to the front element, or None if the sequence is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(d.front(), None);

d.push_back(1);
d.push_back(2);
assert_eq!(d.front(), Some(&1));Run

Provides a mutable reference to the front element, or None if the sequence is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(d.front_mut(), None);

d.push_back(1);
d.push_back(2);
match d.front_mut() {
    Some(x) => *x = 9,
    None => (),
}
assert_eq!(d.front(), Some(&9));Run

Provides a reference to the back element, or None if the sequence is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(d.back(), None);

d.push_back(1);
d.push_back(2);
assert_eq!(d.back(), Some(&2));Run

Provides a mutable reference to the back element, or None if the sequence is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(d.back(), None);

d.push_back(1);
d.push_back(2);
match d.back_mut() {
    Some(x) => *x = 9,
    None => (),
}
assert_eq!(d.back(), Some(&9));Run

Removes the first element and returns it, or None if the sequence is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
d.push_back(1);
d.push_back(2);

assert_eq!(d.pop_front(), Some(1));
assert_eq!(d.pop_front(), Some(2));
assert_eq!(d.pop_front(), None);Run

Inserts an element first in the sequence.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut d = VecDeque::new();
d.push_front(1);
d.push_front(2);
assert_eq!(d.front(), Some(&2));Run

Appends an element to the back of a buffer

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(1);
buf.push_back(3);
assert_eq!(3, *buf.back().unwrap());Run

Removes the last element from a buffer and returns it, or None if it is empty.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(buf.pop_back(), None);
buf.push_back(1);
buf.push_back(3);
assert_eq!(buf.pop_back(), Some(3));Run

Removes an element from anywhere in the VecDeque and returns it, replacing it with the last element.

This does not preserve ordering, but is O(1).

Returns None if index is out of bounds.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(buf.swap_remove_back(0), None);
buf.push_back(1);
buf.push_back(2);
buf.push_back(3);

assert_eq!(buf.swap_remove_back(0), Some(1));
assert_eq!(buf.len(), 2);
assert_eq!(buf[0], 3);
assert_eq!(buf[1], 2);Run

Removes an element from anywhere in the VecDeque and returns it, replacing it with the first element.

This does not preserve ordering, but is O(1).

Returns None if index is out of bounds.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
assert_eq!(buf.swap_remove_front(0), None);
buf.push_back(1);
buf.push_back(2);
buf.push_back(3);

assert_eq!(buf.swap_remove_front(2), Some(3));
assert_eq!(buf.len(), 2);
assert_eq!(buf[0], 2);
assert_eq!(buf[1], 1);Run

Inserts an element at index within the VecDeque. Whichever end is closer to the insertion point will be moved to make room, and all the affected elements will be moved to new positions.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Panics

Panics if index is greater than VecDeque's length

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(10);
buf.push_back(12);
buf.insert(1, 11);
assert_eq!(Some(&11), buf.get(1));Run

Removes and returns the element at index from the VecDeque. Whichever end is closer to the removal point will be moved to make room, and all the affected elements will be moved to new positions. Returns None if index is out of bounds.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(1);
buf.push_back(2);
buf.push_back(3);

assert_eq!(buf.remove(1), Some(2));
assert_eq!(buf.get(1), Some(&3));Run

Splits the collection into two at the given index.

Returns a newly allocated Self. self contains elements [0, at), and the returned Self contains elements [at, len).

Note that the capacity of self does not change.

Element at index 0 is the front of the queue.

Panics

Panics if at > len

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf: VecDeque<_> = vec![1,2,3].into_iter().collect();
let buf2 = buf.split_off(1);
// buf = [1], buf2 = [2, 3]
assert_eq!(buf.len(), 1);
assert_eq!(buf2.len(), 2);Run

Moves all the elements of other into Self, leaving other empty.

Panics

Panics if the new number of elements in self overflows a usize.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf: VecDeque<_> = vec![1, 2, 3].into_iter().collect();
let mut buf2: VecDeque<_> = vec![4, 5, 6].into_iter().collect();
buf.append(&mut buf2);
assert_eq!(buf.len(), 6);
assert_eq!(buf2.len(), 0);Run

Retains only the elements specified by the predicate.

In other words, remove all elements e such that f(&e) returns false. This method operates in place and preserves the order of the retained elements.

Examples

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.extend(1..5);
buf.retain(|&x| x%2 == 0);

let v: Vec<_> = buf.into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(&v[..], &[2, 4]);Run

impl<T> VecDeque<T> where T: Clone
[src]

Unstable (deque_extras #27788)

: matches collection reform specification; waiting on panic semantics

Modifies the VecDeque in-place so that len() is equal to new_len, either by removing excess elements or by appending copies of a value to the back.

Examples

#![feature(deque_extras)]

use std::collections::VecDeque;

let mut buf = VecDeque::new();
buf.push_back(5);
buf.push_back(10);
buf.push_back(15);
buf.resize(2, 0);
buf.resize(6, 20);
for (a, b) in [5, 10, 20, 20, 20, 20].iter().zip(&buf) {
    assert_eq!(a, b);
}Run

Trait Implementations

impl<A> PartialOrd<VecDeque<A>> for VecDeque<A> where A: PartialOrd<A>
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl<T> Drop for VecDeque<T>
[src]

A method called when the value goes out of scope. Read more

impl<A> FromIterator<A> for VecDeque<A>
[src]

Creates a value from an iterator. Read more

impl<A> Hash for VecDeque<A> where A: Hash
[src]

Feeds this value into the state given, updating the hasher as necessary.

Feeds a slice of this type into the state provided.

impl<A> Eq for VecDeque<A> where A: Eq
[src]

impl<A> Extend<A> for VecDeque<A>
[src]

Extends a collection with the contents of an iterator. Read more

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for VecDeque<T> where T: 'a + Copy
1.2.0
[src]

Extends a collection with the contents of an iterator. Read more

impl<T> Debug for VecDeque<T> where T: Debug
[src]

Formats the value using the given formatter.

impl<T> IntoIterator for VecDeque<T>
[src]

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Consumes the list into a front-to-back iterator yielding elements by value.

impl<'a, T> IntoIterator for &'a VecDeque<T>
[src]

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more

impl<'a, T> IntoIterator for &'a mut VecDeque<T>
[src]

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more

impl<A> IndexMut<usize> for VecDeque<A>
[src]

The method for the mutable indexing (container[index]) operation

impl<A> Index<usize> for VecDeque<A>
[src]

The returned type after indexing

The method for the indexing (container[index]) operation

impl<T> From<Vec<T>> for VecDeque<T>
1.10.0
[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Default for VecDeque<T>
[src]

Creates an empty VecDeque<T>.

impl<T> Clone for VecDeque<T> where T: Clone
[src]

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<A> Ord for VecDeque<A> where A: Ord
[src]

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

impl<A> PartialEq<VecDeque<A>> for VecDeque<A> where A: PartialEq<A>
[src]

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.