Struct std::process::Child1.0.0 [] [src]

pub struct Child {
    pub stdin: Option<ChildStdin>,
    pub stdout: Option<ChildStdout>,
    pub stderr: Option<ChildStderr>,
    // some fields omitted
}

Representation of a running or exited child process.

This structure is used to represent and manage child processes. A child process is created via the Command struct, which configures the spawning process and can itself be constructed using a builder-style interface.

Examples

use std::process::Command;

let mut child = Command::new("/bin/cat")
                        .arg("file.txt")
                        .spawn()
                        .expect("failed to execute child");

let ecode = child.wait()
                 .expect("failed to wait on child");

assert!(ecode.success());Run

Note

Take note that there is no implementation of Drop for child processes, so if you do not ensure the Child has exited then it will continue to run, even after the Child handle to the child process has gone out of scope.

Calling wait (or other functions that wrap around it) will make the parent process wait until the child has actually exited before continuing.

Fields

The handle for writing to the child's stdin, if it has been captured

The handle for reading from the child's stdout, if it has been captured

The handle for reading from the child's stderr, if it has been captured

Methods

impl Child
[src]

Forces the child to exit. This is equivalent to sending a SIGKILL on unix platforms.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

let mut command = Command::new("yes");
if let Ok(mut child) = command.spawn() {
    child.kill().expect("command wasn't running");
} else {
    println!("yes command didn't start");
}Run

Returns the OS-assigned process identifier associated with this child.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

let mut command = Command::new("ls");
if let Ok(child) = command.spawn() {
    println!("Child's id is {}", child.id());
} else {
    println!("ls command didn't start");
}Run

Waits for the child to exit completely, returning the status that it exited with. This function will continue to have the same return value after it has been called at least once.

The stdin handle to the child process, if any, will be closed before waiting. This helps avoid deadlock: it ensures that the child does not block waiting for input from the parent, while the parent waits for the child to exit.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

let mut command = Command::new("ls");
if let Ok(mut child) = command.spawn() {
    child.wait().expect("command wasn't running");
    println!("Child has finished its execution!");
} else {
    println!("ls command didn't start");
}Run

Simultaneously waits for the child to exit and collect all remaining output on the stdout/stderr handles, returning an Output instance.

The stdin handle to the child process, if any, will be closed before waiting. This helps avoid deadlock: it ensures that the child does not block waiting for input from the parent, while the parent waits for the child to exit.

By default, stdin, stdout and stderr are inherited from the parent. In order to capture the output into this Result<Output> it is necessary to create new pipes between parent and child. Use stdout(Stdio::piped()) or stderr(Stdio::piped()), respectively.

Examples

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let child = Command::new("/bin/cat")
    .arg("file.txt")
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed to execute child");

let output = child
    .wait_with_output()
    .expect("failed to wait on child");

assert!(output.status.success());Run