Struct std::process::Command1.0.0 [] [src]

pub struct Command { /* fields omitted */ }

A process builder, providing fine-grained control over how a new process should be spawned.

A default configuration can be generated using Command::new(program), where program gives a path to the program to be executed. Additional builder methods allow the configuration to be changed (for example, by adding arguments) prior to spawning:

use std::process::Command;

let output = Command::new("sh")
                     .arg("-c")
                     .arg("echo hello")
                     .output()
                     .expect("failed to execute process");

let hello = output.stdout;Run

Methods

impl Command
[src]

Constructs a new Command for launching the program at path program, with the following default configuration:

  • No arguments to the program
  • Inherit the current process's environment
  • Inherit the current process's working directory
  • Inherit stdin/stdout/stderr for spawn or status, but create pipes for output

Builder methods are provided to change these defaults and otherwise configure the process.

If program is not an absolute path, the PATH will be searched in an OS-defined way.

The search path to be used may be controlled by setting the PATH environment variable on the Command, but this has some implementation limitations on Windows (see https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/37519).

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("sh")
        .spawn()
        .expect("sh command failed to start");Run

Add an argument to pass to the program.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .arg("-l")
        .arg("-a")
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Add multiple arguments to pass to the program.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .args(&["-l", "-a"])
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Inserts or updates an environment variable mapping.

Note that environment variable names are case-insensitive (but case-preserving) on Windows, and case-sensitive on all other platforms.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .env("PATH", "/bin")
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Removes an environment variable mapping.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .env_remove("PATH")
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Clears the entire environment map for the child process.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .env_clear()
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Sets the working directory for the child process.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .current_dir("/bin")
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Configuration for the child process's stdin handle (file descriptor 0).

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

Command::new("ls")
        .stdin(Stdio::null())
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Configuration for the child process's stdout handle (file descriptor 1).

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

Command::new("ls")
        .stdout(Stdio::null())
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Configuration for the child process's stderr handle (file descriptor 2).

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

Command::new("ls")
        .stderr(Stdio::null())
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Executes the command as a child process, returning a handle to it.

By default, stdin, stdout and stderr are inherited from the parent.

Examples

Basic usage:

use std::process::Command;

Command::new("ls")
        .spawn()
        .expect("ls command failed to start");Run

Executes the command as a child process, waiting for it to finish and collecting all of its output.

By default, stdin, stdout and stderr are captured (and used to provide the resulting output).

Examples

use std::process::Command;
let output = Command::new("/bin/cat")
                     .arg("file.txt")
                     .output()
                     .expect("failed to execute process");

println!("status: {}", output.status);
println!("stdout: {}", String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout));
println!("stderr: {}", String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stderr));

assert!(output.status.success());Run

Executes a command as a child process, waiting for it to finish and collecting its exit status.

By default, stdin, stdout and stderr are inherited from the parent.

Examples

use std::process::Command;

let status = Command::new("/bin/cat")
                     .arg("file.txt")
                     .status()
                     .expect("failed to execute process");

println!("process exited with: {}", status);

assert!(status.success());Run

Trait Implementations

impl Debug for Command
[src]

Format the program and arguments of a Command for display. Any non-utf8 data is lossily converted using the utf8 replacement character.

impl CommandExt for Command
[src]

Sets the child process's user id. This translates to a setuid call in the child process. Failure in the setuid call will cause the spawn to fail. Read more

Similar to uid, but sets the group id of the child process. This has the same semantics as the uid field. Read more

Unstable (process_exec #31398)

Schedules a closure to be run just before the exec function is invoked. Read more

Performs all the required setup by this Command, followed by calling the execvp syscall. Read more