Struct std::ptr::Shared [] [src]

pub struct Shared<T> where T: ?Sized { /* fields omitted */ }
Unstable (shared #27730)

: needs an RFC to flesh out design

A wrapper around a raw non-null *mut T that indicates that the possessor of this wrapper has shared ownership of the referent. Useful for building abstractions like Rc<T> or Arc<T>, which internally use raw pointers to manage the memory that they own.

Methods

impl<T> Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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Unstable (shared #27730)

Creates a new Shared.

Safety

ptr must be non-null.

Methods from Deref<Target=*mut T>

Returns true if the pointer is null.

Examples

Basic usage:

let s: &str = "Follow the rabbit";
let ptr: *const u8 = s.as_ptr();
assert!(!ptr.is_null());Run

Returns None if the pointer is null, or else returns a reference to the value wrapped in Some.

Safety

While this method and its mutable counterpart are useful for null-safety, it is important to note that this is still an unsafe operation because the returned value could be pointing to invalid memory.

Additionally, the lifetime 'a returned is arbitrarily chosen and does not necessarily reflect the actual lifetime of the data.

Examples

Basic usage:

let val: *const u8 = &10u8 as *const u8;

unsafe {
    if let Some(val_back) = val.as_ref() {
        println!("We got back the value: {}!", val_back);
    }
}Run

Calculates the offset from a pointer. count is in units of T; e.g. a count of 3 represents a pointer offset of 3 * sizeof::<T>() bytes.

Safety

Both the starting and resulting pointer must be either in bounds or one byte past the end of an allocated object. If either pointer is out of bounds or arithmetic overflow occurs then any further use of the returned value will result in undefined behavior.

Examples

Basic usage:

let s: &str = "123";
let ptr: *const u8 = s.as_ptr();

unsafe {
    println!("{}", *ptr.offset(1) as char);
    println!("{}", *ptr.offset(2) as char);
}Run

Unstable (ptr_wrapping_offset #37570)

Calculates the offset from a pointer using wrapping arithmetic. count is in units of T; e.g. a count of 3 represents a pointer offset of 3 * sizeof::<T>() bytes.

Safety

The resulting pointer does not need to be in bounds, but it is potentially hazardous to dereference (which requires unsafe).

Always use .offset(count) instead when possible, because offset allows the compiler to optimize better.

Examples

Basic usage:

#![feature(ptr_wrapping_offset)]
// Iterate using a raw pointer in increments of two elements
let data = [1u8, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let mut ptr: *const u8 = data.as_ptr();
let step = 2;
let end_rounded_up = ptr.wrapping_offset(6);

// This loop prints "1, 3, 5, "
while ptr != end_rounded_up {
    unsafe {
        print!("{}, ", *ptr);
    }
    ptr = ptr.wrapping_offset(step);
}Run

Returns true if the pointer is null.

Examples

Basic usage:

let mut s = [1, 2, 3];
let ptr: *mut u32 = s.as_mut_ptr();
assert!(!ptr.is_null());Run

Returns None if the pointer is null, or else returns a reference to the value wrapped in Some.

Safety

While this method and its mutable counterpart are useful for null-safety, it is important to note that this is still an unsafe operation because the returned value could be pointing to invalid memory.

Additionally, the lifetime 'a returned is arbitrarily chosen and does not necessarily reflect the actual lifetime of the data.

Examples

Basic usage:

let val: *mut u8 = &mut 10u8 as *mut u8;

unsafe {
    if let Some(val_back) = val.as_ref() {
        println!("We got back the value: {}!", val_back);
    }
}Run

Calculates the offset from a pointer. count is in units of T; e.g. a count of 3 represents a pointer offset of 3 * sizeof::<T>() bytes.

Safety

The offset must be in-bounds of the object, or one-byte-past-the-end. Otherwise offset invokes Undefined Behavior, regardless of whether the pointer is used.

Examples

Basic usage:

let mut s = [1, 2, 3];
let ptr: *mut u32 = s.as_mut_ptr();

unsafe {
    println!("{}", *ptr.offset(1));
    println!("{}", *ptr.offset(2));
}Run

Unstable (ptr_wrapping_offset #37570)

Calculates the offset from a pointer using wrapping arithmetic. count is in units of T; e.g. a count of 3 represents a pointer offset of 3 * sizeof::<T>() bytes.

Safety

The resulting pointer does not need to be in bounds, but it is potentially hazardous to dereference (which requires unsafe).

Always use .offset(count) instead when possible, because offset allows the compiler to optimize better.

Examples

Basic usage:

#![feature(ptr_wrapping_offset)]
// Iterate using a raw pointer in increments of two elements
let mut data = [1u8, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let mut ptr: *mut u8 = data.as_mut_ptr();
let step = 2;
let end_rounded_up = ptr.wrapping_offset(6);

while ptr != end_rounded_up {
    unsafe {
        *ptr = 0;
    }
    ptr = ptr.wrapping_offset(step);
}
assert_eq!(&data, &[0, 2, 0, 4, 0]);Run

Returns None if the pointer is null, or else returns a mutable reference to the value wrapped in Some.

Safety

As with as_ref, this is unsafe because it cannot verify the validity of the returned pointer, nor can it ensure that the lifetime 'a returned is indeed a valid lifetime for the contained data.

Examples

Basic usage:

let mut s = [1, 2, 3];
let ptr: *mut u32 = s.as_mut_ptr();
let first_value = unsafe { ptr.as_mut().unwrap() };
*first_value = 4;
println!("{:?}", s); // It'll print: "[4, 2, 3]".Run

Trait Implementations

impl<T> Copy for Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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impl<T> Deref for Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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The resulting type after dereferencing

The method called to dereference a value

impl<T> !Sync for Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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Shared pointers are not Sync because the data they reference may be aliased.

impl<T> Pointer for Shared<T>
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Formats the value using the given formatter.

impl<T> !Send for Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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Shared pointers are not Send because the data they reference may be aliased.

impl<T> Clone for Shared<T> where T: ?Sized
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Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<T, U> CoerceUnsized<Shared<U>> for Shared<T> where T: Unsize<U> + ?Sized, U: ?Sized
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impl<T: RefUnwindSafe + ?Sized> UnwindSafe for Shared<T>
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