Module std::sync::atomic1.0.0 [] [src]

Atomic types

Atomic types provide primitive shared-memory communication between threads, and are the building blocks of other concurrent types.

This module defines atomic versions of a select number of primitive types, including AtomicBool, AtomicIsize, and AtomicUsize. Atomic types present operations that, when used correctly, synchronize updates between threads.

Each method takes an Ordering which represents the strength of the memory barrier for that operation. These orderings are the same as LLVM atomic orderings.

Atomic variables are safe to share between threads (they implement Sync) but they do not themselves provide the mechanism for sharing and follow the threading model of rust. The most common way to share an atomic variable is to put it into an Arc (an atomically-reference-counted shared pointer).

Most atomic types may be stored in static variables, initialized using the provided static initializers like ATOMIC_BOOL_INIT. Atomic statics are often used for lazy global initialization.

Examples

A simple spinlock:

use std::sync::Arc;
use std::sync::atomic::{AtomicUsize, Ordering};
use std::thread;

fn main() {
    let spinlock = Arc::new(AtomicUsize::new(1));

    let spinlock_clone = spinlock.clone();
    let thread = thread::spawn(move|| {
        spinlock_clone.store(0, Ordering::SeqCst);
    });

    // Wait for the other thread to release the lock
    while spinlock.load(Ordering::SeqCst) != 0 {}

    if let Err(panic) = thread.join() {
        println!("Thread had an error: {:?}", panic);
    }
}Run

Keep a global count of live threads:

use std::sync::atomic::{AtomicUsize, Ordering, ATOMIC_USIZE_INIT};

static GLOBAL_THREAD_COUNT: AtomicUsize = ATOMIC_USIZE_INIT;

let old_thread_count = GLOBAL_THREAD_COUNT.fetch_add(1, Ordering::SeqCst);
println!("live threads: {}", old_thread_count + 1);Run

Structs

AtomicBool

A boolean type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicIsize

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicPtr

A raw pointer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicUsize

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicI16 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicI32 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicI64 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicI8 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicU16 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicU32 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicU64 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

AtomicU8 [Unstable]

An integer type which can be safely shared between threads.

Enums

Ordering

Atomic memory orderings

Constants

ATOMIC_BOOL_INIT

An AtomicBool initialized to false.

ATOMIC_ISIZE_INIT

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_USIZE_INIT

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_I16_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_I32_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_I64_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_I8_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_U16_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_U32_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_U64_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

ATOMIC_U8_INIT [Unstable]

An atomic integer initialized to 0.

Functions

fence

An atomic fence.